People's rights vs citizen's rights

Are you one of the People of the United States, as contemplated by the U.S. Constitution Preamble? Or, are you one of the citizens of the United States, as defined in the U.S. Constitution 14th Amendment?

Your answer affects the rights you have.

If you are one of the People of the United States, then all ten amendments are available to you. You have natural rights If you are a citizen of the United States, then you have civil rights [properly called civil privileges]. see Senate Document 108-17, p. 1006, 1007, Footnote 37, for details summarized here.

Amendments available to U.S. citizens:

1:
Religion (free exercise, establishment)
Speech
Press
Assembly
Petition
4: Search and seizure

5:

Double jeopardy
Self-incrimination
Just compensation
6: (protection has been diluted)
Speedy trial
Public trial
Jury trial
Impartial Jury
Notice of charges
Confrontation
Compulsory Process
Counsel
8: Cruel and unusual punishment
Amendments not available to U.S. Citizens:
2: Right to keep and bear arms

3: Quartering troops in homes (no cases)

5: Grand Jury indictment

7: Jury trial in civil cases

8:

Bail (mostly)
Excessive fines under equal protection

Senate Documents 103-6 and 108-17, Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and Interpretation document the legal effect of your answer. An edition of the document and subsequent revisions is given free to all elected and past senators, congressmen, and vice presidents, delegates, and resident commissioners upon timely request to the Government Printing Office.

The doctrine of selective incorporation is the dominant doctrine for incorporating portions of the Bill of Rights for application to citizens of the United States.

You may purchase a copy from the U.S. Goverment Printing Office for $200+; STOCK # 052-071-01421-7 (later issues may have a different stock number).

For related information, see Republic vs. Democracy


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